How Are Mountains Related to Plate Tectonics?
ES1101  Himalayan Mountain Belt

The Himalayan Mountain belt is the highest mountain chain on Earth. The average elevation for the entire mountain belt is over 5,000 meters. Mount Everest is one of the peaks of the Himalayan Mountains—at 8,848 meters above sea level (nearly five and a half miles!), it is the highest point on Earth. The region no longer has active volcanoes, but movement along faults is evident from earthquakes that shake the region.

  !   Examine the topographic map of the Himalayan Mountains. Use the drawing tool at left to outline the mountain belt. When you finish outlining the mountains, click Continue to measure their length and width, then answer the questions below.

 

 
   

3. On the map of Asia on your student answer sheet, sketch in the location of the Himalayan Mountain belt. Record its length and width.

Look at a map of global plate boundaries to find the plate boundary nearest the Himalayan Mountain belt (page 712 in your textbook).

4. What type of plate boundary occurs near the Himalayas? Sketch it onto your map.

 
   

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