Ancient Egypt was ruled by kings
called pharaohs. Egyptians believed that the
pharaoh was a child of the gods and a god himself.
Structures, called pyramids,
were sometimes built as monuments over the tombs of pharaohs. Inside the tomb were
carved records of important deeds, and wall paintings, sculptures, food, furniture,
and other items needed for the afterlife. The pyramid also contained chambers where
relatives were buried and a variety of passageways.