Jack London, born John Griffith Chaney, began life poor and fatherless.
His surname changed to London when his mother married. A natural rebel and
adventurer, his restless spirit led him around the world, where he worked at
jobs as varied as sailor, oyster pirate, gold miner, war correspondent, and
rancher. He began writing in earnest after his return to California from the
Klondike in 1898. By the age of 29, London was the most popular and highly paid
author in the United States. A socialist, London used his writing to fight social