Charlotte Brontë grew up in Howarth, England. Her early years in this bleak
town were enlivened by literary and artistic collaborations with her brother Branwell and her sisters Emily
and Anne, both of whom also became novelists. In 1847 Brontë published Jane Eyre, the second of
her four novels, under the pseudonym Currer Bell. Partly based on her unhappy experiences as a student and a
teacher, the novel was an immediate success and introduced a new type of heroine into English literature--plain-looking,
strong-willed, and passionate.