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Return to book index Chapter 14 : The Formation of Western Europe
Research Links

The Internet contains a wealth of information, but sometimes it's a little tricky to find what you need. Whether you are researching a specific topic, completing an assigned activity, or simply trying to learn more about the world around you, your search can begin sooner than you think!

By using the preselected Web sites provided below you will be able to narrow your search, answer assigned questions, and save precious time. Simply follow the links to find valuable research materials and activity support. There's a lot of information in here, happy hunting!

Section 1: Church Reform and the Crusades

Catholic Encyclopedia: Crusades http://www.newadvent.org/ cathen/ 04543c.htm
The official church history of the Crusades.

Richard I http://www.britannia.com/ history/ monarchs/ mon27.html
A biography of Richard the Lion-Hearted, with links to related topics.

St. Francis of Assisi http://www.newadvent.org/ cathen/ 06221a.htm
A detailed biography of St. Francis with hypertext links to related topics.

Medieval Sourcebook: The Crusades http://www.fordham.edu/ halsall/ sbook1k.html
Excellent source for studying the Crusades, this site includes information on all aspects of the Crusades, and has the texts of historical documents, including Urban II's letter.

Section 2: Trade, Towns, and Financial Revolution

Dante's Divine Comedy http://italian.about.com/ library/ anthology/ dante/ blaboutdante.htm
Background on Dante's Divine Comedy along with a link to the text of the poem in Italian and in the classic English-language translation by the 19th-century poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.

Medieval Guilds http://www.public.iastate.edu/ ~gbetcher/ 373/ guilds.htm
Bulleted guide to the role of guilds in Medieval society. From Iowa State University.

Saint Thomas Aquinas http://plato.stanford.edu/ entries/ aquinas/
Extensive information on the life and work of Thomas Aquinas.

geoffreychaucer.org: an annotated guide to online resources http://geoffreychaucer.org/
Perhaps the definitive starting point on the Internet for learning about Chaucer's life and work.

Section 3: England and France Develop

William the Conqueror http://www.britannia.com/ history/ monarchs/ mon22.html
A comprehensive look at how William, duke of Normandy, conquered England in 1066. Includes links to other Medieval sites.

Internet Medieval History Sourcebook http://www.fordham.edu/ halsall/ sbook1m.html
Links to articles about the development of modern France.

Section 4: A Century of Turmoil

The Great Schism: Manifesto of the Revolting Cardinals http://www.fordham.edu/ halsall/ source/ grtschism1.html
Primary source statement from the cardinals who created a division in the Roman Catholic Church in 1378.