Name _______________________________________

Lesson 6  Compound words and contractions

back + ground = background   two + thirds = two-thirds
half + back = halfback   forty + eight = forty-eight
net + work = network   audio + visual = audio-visual
score + board = scoreboard   left + handed = left-handed
room + mate = roommate   brothers + in-law = brothers-in-law
video + tape = videotape
else + where = elsewhere   they + are = they're
other + wise = otherwise   who + is = who's
who + ever = whoever   have + not = haven't
any + one = anyone   were + not = weren't
            should + have = should've

1.In the first column, are any changes made when the two smaller words are joined?


Why does roommate have two m's?


2.In the second column, what punctuation is added to join the first five pairs of words?


Does the spelling of either word change when a pair is joined?   __________

3.In the second column, what punctuation is added to join the second five pairs of words?


What do the apostrophes in the joined words replace?


Lesson Generalization
Complete words can be combined to form other words in several different ways.

When two words are simply connected, with no changes in either word, the word formed is called a compound word.

Words joined by a hyphen are another type of compound word.

When an apostrophe is used to show that one or more letters have been omitted, the word is called a contraction.

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