Greek combining forms
| meter, metry
| opti, opto
TERMS TO KNOW:
are word elements that, unlike prefixes and suffixes, may be used in different positions
when they are combined with other word elements.
|| The Greek combining forms in the first column become English nouns or
adjectives when suffixes are added to form the words in the second column. Does
the spelling of some combining forms change when endings are added? _____
|| The words in the last column have been formed by joining two Greek combining forms.
Can the same Greek form sometimes be used at the beginning of one word and at the
end of another? _____
| Lesson Generalization
Suffixes can be added to some Greek combining forms to make English nouns and adjectives:
- the noun suffix ic
forms the noun static:
stat + ic.
- the adjective suffix cal
forms the adjective optical:
opti + cal.
The spelling of the Greek combining form may change slightly when it is joined to
other word parts.
Two Greek combining forms may be joined like the two parts of a compound word:
- (compound words) (Greek combining forms)
Knowing the meaning of the separate parts will help you to understand the different
words made by combining the parts.
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