Name _______________________________________

Lesson 19   Suffixes following hard and soft c/g


elegant intelligent outrageous
extravagance negligence vengeance
navigable eligible  
ambiguous contagious  
     
applicant magnificent enforceable
significance innocence replaceable
communicable convincible  
conspicuous suspicious  

1. Look at the words in the first column. Say each one aloud. Do the underlined letters have a hard or a soft sound? __________Write the endings that follow these letters. _____ _____ _____ _____
   
2. Look at the words in the second column. Say each one aloud. Do the underlined letters have a hard or a soft sound? __________
What endings follow these letters? _____ _____ _____ _____
   
3. When c or g has a hard sound, it is followed by the vowels _____ or _____.
   
4. When c or g has soft sound, it is followed by the letters _____ or _____.
   
5. Look at the words in the last column. The final silent e is usually dropped before a suffix that begins with a vowel. If the e were dropped in these words, what vowel would follow the c and g?_____ or _____. Would the c and g have a hard or a soft sound? __________

Lesson Generalization

It is sometimes difficult to choose between the following endings when you are spelling a word: ant/ent, able/ible, uous/ious, ance/ence.

When the letters c and g have a hard sound, they will be followed by the vowels a or u. Use the endings ance, ant, able, uous.

When the letters c and g have a soft sound, they will be followed by the vowels e or i. Use the endings ence, ent, ible, ious.

The final silent e is sometimes kept to protect the soft sound of c or g when a suffix is added.

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