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¡En español! Level 1
Home > ¡En español! Level 1 > Unidad 6 > More about Ecuador
Return to book index Unidad 6 : Quito, Ecuador: La ciudad y el campo
More about Ecuador

LA CASA DE SUCRE La Casa de Sucre was once the home of independence leader Mariscal Antonio José de Sucre. He led the revolutionary forces of Ecuador on Mt. Pichincha in 1822. The anniversary of this battle is May 24, a national holiday. The Casa de Sucre houses items from Quito's colonial and independence periods. What historic museums have you visited?

PAPAS Papas, a staple of the Ecuadorian diet, have been cultivated in the Andes since before the time of the Incas. This New World food was introduced by Spain to the European diet. Potatoes are used in many dishes. Boiled potatoes or llapingachos (pan-fried patties of mashed potatoes mixed with cheese) often accompany fritadas. Fritada is sautéed pork seasoned with garlic, cumin, and green onion. What dishes made with potatoes do you eat?

For information on how to make llapingachos and other Ecuadorian dishes:

LA MITAD DEL MUNDO La Mitad del Mundo is a monument built where the equator was measured. It is located a half hour north of Quito, in San Antonio de Pichincha. Ecuador's name comes from the fact that the equator (el ecuador) runs through it. What other countries of the world lie along the equator?

Atahualpa (1500-1533), son of the Incan king Huanya-Capac and grandson of Duchicela, king of Quito, is considered the first great Ecuadorian. He was heir to the kingdom of Quito and became leader of the Incan empire. Atahualpa was the last Inca ruler. He was imprisoned and executed by Francisco Pizarro. Can you think of other Native American leaders?

For more about Atahualpa:


TAPICES are woven wall hangings and rugs made from the wool of sheep or alpaca. You will find these multicolored wall hangings in stores and outdoor markets. The art of weaving is practiced throughout the Americas. Cloaks woven with feathers of rare birds were used by the Aztecs and the Incas. Where have you seen weavings?

For more about Ecuadorian handwoven tapestries:

El RONDADOR El rondador, also known as a flauta de pan (pan flute), is a single-row panpipe that has been used for more than 2000 years. It is made of cane or bamboo pieces of different widths and lengths. Each produces a distinct musical note. Other traditional instruments are the antara and siku (single- and double-row panpipes) and the quena (vertical end-notched flute). What other wind instruments do you know?