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ˇEn espańol! Level 1
Home > ˇEn espańol! Level 1 > Unidad 2 > More about México
Return to book index Unidad 2 : Ciudad de México, México: Una semana típica
More about México

TORTILLAS Tortillas are traditionally made by hand. The price of tortillas is set by the government. They are an essential element of Mexican cooking. They can be made of wheat, flour, or corn. What Mexican dishes made with tortillas have you tried?

For more about traditional Mexican foods:

DIEGO RIVERA Diego Rivera (1886-1957) painted La vendedora de flores (1942) as well as many other paintings and murals. He is considered one of Mexico's greatest painters. He painted murals with social themes because he believed that art should serve the people. His works can be found on the walls of many public buildings, such as the Ministry of Education and the National Palace in Mexico City. What paintings by Mexican artists have you seen?

For a virtual tour of the Diego Rivera Museum:

EL PALACIO DE BELLAS ARTES El Palacio de Bellas Artes, begun in 1904 by an Italian architect, was finished 30 years later by a Mexican one. The Ballet Folklórico performs here. Some of Mexico's finest murals, by artists such as Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros, can be found on the walls inside the Palacio de Bellas Artes. What do you think its name means?

EL BALLET FOLKLÓRICO The Ballet Folklórico has communicated the spirit of Mexico through dance since 1959. Founded by Amalia Hernández, its mission is to preserve and spread Mexican folk traditions. The Ballet Folklórico is based in Mexico City but tours internationally. What traditional dances of the United States do you know?

For more about the Ballet Folklórico de México:

EL METRO El metro opened in 1969 to combat pollution. When excavating for the subway system, workers came upon the remains of an Aztec temple. The Pino Suárez stop, where the discovery was made, is also a small museum. The metro serves over 4 million people a day. To ride it, ask for a billete! Why might you ride a subway?


LÁZARO CÁRDENAS Lázaro Cárdenas (1895-1970) was involved in politics for much of his life. As president (1934-1940), he made great improvements in Mexico. He built schools, gave land to the poor, developed industry, and improved transportation. The Department of Tourism was also created during his presidency, and Mexico became internationally influential. Who is the current president of Mexico?

LA PIEDRA DEL SOL The Piedra del Sol, or Sun Stone, is an Aztec calendar. It was discovered in the ruins of the Aztec capital Tenochtitlán in central Mexico. Tenochtitlán was destroyed by the Spaniards in 1521. The Piedra del Sol, which weighs over 24 tons, is now in El Museo Nacional de Antropología in Mexico City.

For information on the Aztec Calendar:

TACOS AL PASTOR This popular Mexican snack consists of roasted meat, usually pork, in a corn tortilla.