This simulation shows the Indian plate moving north
as oceanic crust on its leading edge subducts beneath
Eurasia. Subducted material erupts from volcanoes on
the Eurasian plate. As the sea closes, the continents
collide, because continental crust cannot be subducted.
The Himalayas form from oceanic sediments and rocks
crumpled in the collision. India is fused to the Eurasian
plateits northward motion continues today, pushing the
Himalayas even higher.
! Click the image to see the animation.