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I was.
General Thomas came in; . . . [and, referring to a printed document, said:] "I am Secretary of War ad interim and am ordered by the President of the United States to take charge of the office." Mr. Stanton then replied, "I order you to repair to your room and exercise your functions as Adjutant General of the Army." Mr. Thomas replied to this, "I am Secretary of War ad interim, and I shall not obey your orders; but I shall obey the orders of the President, who has ordered me to take charge of the War Office." . . . Mr. Stanton then said, "Then you claim to be here as Secretary of War and refuse to obey my orders?" Mr. Thomas said, "I do sir."
I made it at the time. . . . When the conversation began I had paper and pencil and wrote it down as the conversation occurred.
No, sir.
Between six and seven years.
On the 21st day of February . . . at the War Department.
He drew from his pocket a copy, or rather the original, of the order of the President of the United States, directing him to take possession of the War Department immediately. . . . He told me that he . . . had gone up into the War Department and had shown to Edwin M. Stanton the order of the President, and had demanded by virtue of that order the possession of the War Department and its books and papers. He told me that Edwin M. Stanton, after reading the order, had asked him if he would allow him sufficient time for him to gather together his books, papers, and other personal property and take them away with him; that he told him he would allow to him all necessary time to do so, and had then withdrawn from Mr. Stanton's room.
I did . . . that evening . . . at Willard's Hotel. . .. He then said that he should the next day demand possession of the War Department, and that if the demand was refused or resisted he should apply to General Grant for force to enable him to take possession, and he also repeated his declaration that he could not see how General Grant could refuse to obey that demand for force.
impossible to avoid
the exclusive rights and powers of a king
limit or restriction
all of the actions of the president that happened at the same time
prevent the president from wrongfully seizing power or exercising authority that belongs to another body
 
After reading excerpts from the opening statement by Benjamin F. Butler you will hear the testimony of the witnesses for impeachment.
 
 
Benjamin Butler
Burt Van Horn
Samual Wilkeson