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Return to book index Chapter 17 : The Tide of War Turns
Chapter Objectives

Chapter Objective
The student will understand the major events of the Civil War from 1863 to 1865 leading to Union victory and the effect of this conflict on the country.

SECTION 1 The Emancipation Proclamation

  1. To understand the reasons for the call for emancipation
  2. To identify the significance of the Emancipation Proclamation
  3. To analyze the response to the proclamation
  4. To describe the role of African-American soldiers in the war

SECTION 2 War Affects Society

  1. To analyze discontent with the war
  2. To explain anger over the draft laws
  3. To identify the economic effects of the war and resistance by enslaved Americans
  4. To describe how women aided the war effort and to evaluate conditions in Northern and Southern prison camps

SECTION 3 The North Wins

  1. To evaluate the importance of the Battle of Gettysburg
  2. To evaluate the importance of the siege of Vicksburg and Sherman's march to the coast
  3. To trace the Virginia campaign to Appomattox
  4. To describe the surrender at Appomattox

SECTION 4 The Legacy of the War

  1. To analyze the economic, physical, and emotional costs of the Civil War
  2. To explain the significance of the Thirteenth Amendment
  3. To describe the events related to President Lincoln's assassination
  4. To summarize the consequences of the Civil War